All You Need to Know About Low Blood Pressure

All You Need to Know About Low Blood Pressure

Low blood pressure is known as hypotension. The force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries while the heart pumps out blood is known as blood pressure. The systolic blood pressure (the top number) and the diastolic blood pressure (the bottom number), which are the maximum and minimum blood pressures, respectively, are used to measure blood pressure. Hypotension is defined as systolic blood pressure of less than 90 millimetres of mercury (mm Hg) or diastolic blood pressure of less than 60 mm Hg. Children have different numbers. In practice, however, blood pressure is only deemed too low if symptoms are present.

What is Hypotension?

The medical word for low blood pressure is hypotension, which is defined as a reading of less than 90/60 (mm Hg). Low blood pressure without symptoms does not need to be treated in healthy people. Low blood pressure, on the other hand, can indicate an underlying problem, particularly in elderly people, where it can result in insufficient blood flow to the heart, brain, and other essential organs. Hypotension is the medical term for low blood pressure (less than 90/60)

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Types of Hypotension

Postural hypotension is a sudden drop in blood pressure that occurs when someone rises from a sleeping or sitting position to a standing one.

When someone stands for an extended amount of time, another sort of low blood pressure might emerge. This condition is known as neutrally mediated hypotension.

Vasovagal syncope is a condition that causes you to faint out.

Shock is associated with severe hypotension. When your organs don’t get the blood and oxygen they need to function correctly, you’ll experience shock. If severe hypotension is not treated quickly, it can be fatal.

Causes

  • Pregnancy
  • Hormonal problems such as hypothyroidism, diabetes, or low blood sugar
  • Some over-the-counter medications
  • Some prescription medicines for high blood pressure, depression, or Parkinson’s disease
  • Heart failure
  • Widening or dilation of the blood vessels
  • Heat stroke
  • Liver disease

Symptoms

  • Dizziness
  • Lightness of the head
  • Unsteadiness,
  • Blurring of vision,
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Pale skin

Treatment

Eat a saltier diet, drink plenty of non-alcoholic fluids, and avoid alcoholic beverages.

During hot weather and while sick with a viral infection like a cold or the flu, drink more water.

Consult your doctor to discover if any of your prescriptions are causing your symptoms.

Exercise on a regular basis to improve blood flow.

Take care when getting up from a lying or sitting position. When getting out of bed, sit for a few minutes on the edge of the bed before standing.

Placing bricks or blocks under the head of your bed at night will help to elevate it.

Heavy lifting should be avoided.

When using the toilet, avoid straining.

Avoid being still for long periods of time.

Avoid extended hot water exposure, such as hot showers and spas, and eat smaller, more frequent meals. Reduce your carbohydrate intake. After you’ve eaten, take a break. Avoid using blood pressure medications right before a meal.

Use elastic support stockings that cover the calf and thigh if necessary. These may help to reduce blood flow to the legs, allowing more blood to be directed to the upper body.

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