COVID-19 Vaccine Side Effects

COVID-19 Vaccine Side Effects

More and more people are lining up to get the COVID-19 vaccines. 11.5% of the world population has taken at least one dose of it while 5.9% are fully vaccinated by now.
All though these vaccines become available to successfully control the pandemic, all vaccines including those for COVID-19 carry the possibility of side effects. Most of these are mild and short term. They may include:

COVID-19 Vaccine Side Effects

Tiredness
Headache
Muscle pain
Joint pain
Chills
Fever
Nausea

Side effects for each dose

Not all coronavirus vaccines are the same. Some tend to cause more side effects after the first dose, others cause more side effects after the second dose. The very common side effects are the same and should still only last a day or two.
Even if you do have side effects after the first dose, you still need to have the second dose. The full recommended course will give you the best protection against the virus.

Reports of rare blood clots

The Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) is carrying out a detailed review of reports of a very rare blood clotting problem affecting a small number of people who have had the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine.
The problem can also happen in people who have not been vaccinated and it’s not yet clear why it affects some people.
On 7 May 2021, the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunization said to date and overall, just over 10 people develop this condition for every million doses of the AstraZeneca vaccine given.
The coronavirus vaccine can help stop you from getting seriously ill or dying from coronavirus. For people aged 40 or over and those with underlying health conditions, the benefits of being vaccinated outweigh any risk of clotting problems.

For people under 40 without underlying health conditions, it’s currently advised that it’s preferable to have another coronavirus vaccine instead of the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine.
If you have already had a first dose of the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine without suffering any serious side affects you should complete the course (unless there is a medical reason for you not to have the same vaccine).
This includes people aged 18 to 39 years who are health and social care workers, unpaid careers and household contacts of those who are severely immunosuppressed.

Home remedies

Apart from taking over the counter pain relievers, there a several home remedies that can ease any side effect of COVID-19 vaccination.
If there is pain, swelling or redness in the site of injection, create a compress using a clean and cool wet washcloth.
Move the arm as much as possible if there is stiffness of the arm. This will loosen up the sore muscles and avoid further stiffness.
If there is mild fever with chills should prevent from dehydration by drinking a lot of water. Wearing light clothing will help to reduce the risen temperature.

When to call the doctor?

Call your doctor or inform the healthcare line immediately if you get any of these symptoms starting from around 4 days to 4 weeks after being vaccinated:
• a severe headache that is not relieved with painkillers or is getting worse.
• a headache that feels worse when you lie down or bend over.
• a headache that’s unusual for you and occurs with blurred vision, feeling or being sick, problems speaking, weakness, drowsiness or seizures (fits).
• a rash that looks like small bruises or bleeding under the skin.
• shortness of breath, chest pain, leg swelling or persistent abdominal (tummy) pain.

Reference

  1. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/expect/after.html
  2. https://www.nhsinform.scot/covid-19-vaccine/the-vaccines/side-effects-of-the-coronavirus-vaccines

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