Hot Flashes

Hot Flashes

Hot flashes are the most prevalent symptom of menopause. Most of the women experience hot flashes when going through the menopause. They also affect the women who go through menopause after undergoing chemotherapy or having their ovaries removed.

What is a hot flash?

They’re commonly described as a quick burst of heat that travels throughout the body. Sweating, palpitations, and flushing of the face also can be experienced. Some women only have hot flashes once in a while and don’t mind them, while others have them several times a day and find them painful, disturbing, and embarrassing. Hot flushes can begin a few months or years before your periods end (before you enter menopause) and can remain for years following your final period.

How does a hot flash occur?

Hot flashes occur when blood vessels near the surface of the skin widen to cool off, causing you to sweat profusely. Some women also experience a fast heart rate or cold. They are called night sweats when they happen while you sleep. They have the potential to wake you up and make it difficult to obtain enough sleep.

A hot flush is characterized by a hot flash combined with facial and neck redness.


You won’t be able to avoid hot flashes around menopause. You can, however, avoid triggers that make them more frequent or severe. Among the most common are:

  • Stress
  • Caffeine
  • Alcohol
  • Certain medicines
  • Spicy foods
  • Clothing that is too tight
  • Heat
  • Tobacco smoke
  • Some health conditions

What can you do?

Keep yourself cool. A “chill cushion” filled with water or other cooling material could be useful at night. During the day, use fans. Wear loose-fitting, lightweight clothing made of natural fabrics like cotton.

Experiment with slow, deep belly breathing (6 to 8 breaths per minute). Deep breathing should be practiced for 15 minutes in the morning, 15 minutes at night, and if a hot flash occurs.

Exercise on a daily basis. Swimming, walking, bicycling, and dancing are all excellent options.

Plant estrogens, which can be present in soy products, may have estrogen-like effects but aren’t strong enough to prevent hot flashes. Instead of taking supplements, doctors recommend getting your soy from meals like tofu.


Many women learn to live with menopause-related hot flushes, but if they’re bothering you and interfering with your daily life, speak with your doctor about possible therapies.

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is the most effective treatment for hot flushes, and it typically eliminates them completely. Your doctor will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using HRT with you.

If you have had a hormone-sensitive malignancy, such as breast cancer, your doctor will not recommend HRT and will discuss alternatives with you.

Other medications, such as antidepressants and clonidine, have been proved to be beneficial.

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