What Causes Under-Eye Dark Circles?

What Causes Under-Eye Dark Circles?

Men and women both have dark rings under their lower eyelids. Dark circles, which are sometimes accompanied by bags, might make you appear older than you are. To make matters worse, getting rid of them can be tough.

Despite the fact that dark circles can affect anyone, they are particularly common in those who:

  • Are elderly
  • Has a genetic propensity (periorbital hyperpigmentation)
  • ethnic groups that aren’t white (darker skin tones are more prone to hyperpigmentation around the eye area)

While exhaustion may appear to be the most reasonable explanation for this condition, dark circles beneath the eyes can be caused by a variety of circumstances. They usually aren’t a cause for concern and don’t necessitate medical attention. Continue reading to find out more.

What causes dark circles under the eyes?

There are several variables that contribute to dark circles. The following are some of the most common causes of:


Dark circles can grow beneath your eyes as a result of oversleeping, excessive weariness, or simply staying up a few hours past your typical bedtime. Sleep deprivation can make your skin look dull and pale, revealing dark tissues and blood vessels beneath the surface.

Sleep deprivation

Sleep deprivation can also cause fluid to accumulate behind your eyes, making them puffy. As a result, your dark circles could be shadows cast by your puffy eyelids.

Natural aging

Your skin becomes thinner as you get older. You also lose the fat and collagen needed to maintain your skin’s elasticity. The dark blood vessels beneath your skin become more noticeable as a result, darkening the area beneath your eyes.

Strain on the eyes

Staring at a television or computer screen for long periods of time can put a lot of strain on your eyes. Blood vessels around your eyes may expand as a result of this stress. The skin around your eyes may darken as a result.


Dark circles can be caused by allergic responses and eye dryness. As a response to dangerous microorganisms, your body releases histamines when you have an allergic reaction. Histamines cause your blood vessels to dilate and become more visible beneath your skin, in addition to creating unpleasant symptoms like itching, redness, and swollen eyes.

Allergies can make you want to scratch and rub the irritated skin around your eyes. These acts can aggravate your symptoms by generating inflammation, edema, and blood vessel breakage. Dark shadows may appear beneath your eyes as a result of this.


Dark circles under your eyes are frequently caused by dehydration. When your body is dehydrated, the skin beneath your eyes becomes dull and your eyes appear sunken. Because of their near proximity to the underlying bone, this is the case.

Overexposure to the sun

Excessive sun exposure can cause your body to manufacture too much melanin, the pigment that gives your skin colour. Too much sun, especially around your eyes, can deepen pigmentation in the surrounding skin.


The development of dark circles under your eyes is also influenced by your family history. It can be a hereditary feature that shows up as early as childhood and may intensify or fade as you become older. Dark circles behind your eyes might also be caused by predispositions to various medical diseases, such as thyroid illness.


Home remedies

The underlying reason of dark eye circles determines how to treat them. There are, however, certain home treatments that can aid in the management of this illness. The following are some of the most frequent methods:

Apply a cold compress to the affected area.

A cold compress can help shrink dilated blood vessels and minimize swelling. This can help to decrease the look of puffiness and dark circles. Wrap a clean towel around a couple ice cubes and place it over your eyes. For the same effect, soak a washcloth with cold water and place it on the skin under your eyes for 20 minutes. If the fabric becomes warm or the ice melts, repeat the process.


Get some additional sleep.

Sleep deprivation can also contribute to the appearance of dark circles. Sleep deprivation can make your skin look pale, highlighting your dark circles. Allow yourself seven to eight hours of sleep per night to avoid dark circles.

Raise your brows.

While sleep deprivation might contribute to the appearance of dark bags under your eyes, it’s also important to consider how you sleep. Elevate your head with a couple pillows to avoid fluid from accumulating under your eyes, which can cause puffiness and bloated appearances.


Soak with tea bags.

Cold tea bags can be used to improve the appearance of your eyes. Caffeine and antioxidants in tea can aid to increase blood circulation, shrink blood vessels, and reduce moisture retention beneath the skin. For five minutes, soak two black or green tea bags in boiling water. Allow them to chill for 15 to 20 minutes in the refrigerator. Apply the teabags to your closed eyes for 10 to 20 minutes once they’ve cooled. Rinse your eyes with cool water after removing the contact lenses.


Makeup can be used to camouflage.

While makeup and cosmetics cannot completely eliminate dark eye circles, they can assist to conceal them. Dark marks can be concealed with concealers so that they mix in with your natural skin tone. However, like with any topical treatment or cosmetic, exercise caution. Some products can aggravate your symptoms and perhaps induce an allergic reaction. Stop using any topical medication right once if you start to notice unusual symptoms and make an appointment with your doctor.

Medical treatments

Some medical procedures are available for a more effective and long-term remedy. The following are some of the most common methods:

  • To diminish pigmentation, chemical peels are used.


  • Resurfacing and tightening of the skin via laser surgery.


  • Medical tattoos are used to infuse colour into weakening skin areas, while tissue fillers are used to hide blood vessels and melanin that cause discoloration beneath the eyes.


  • surgical implants of fat or synthetic goods to eliminate extra fat and skin, revealing a smoother and more equal surface.


Discuss your alternatives with a doctor before deciding on any cosmetic operation.

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